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CompoundFile.java

/*********************************************************************
*
*      Copyright (C) 2002 Andrew Khan
*
* This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
***************************************************************************/

package jxl.read.biff;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Iterator;

import jxl.common.Logger;

import jxl.WorkbookSettings;
import jxl.biff.BaseCompoundFile;
import jxl.biff.IntegerHelper;

/**
 * Reads in and defrags an OLE compound compound file
 * (Made public only for the PropertySets demo)
 */
00035 public final class CompoundFile extends BaseCompoundFile
{
  /**
   * The logger
   */
00040   private static Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(CompoundFile.class);

  /**
   * The original OLE stream, organized into blocks, which can
   * appear at any physical location in the file
   */
00046   private byte[] data;
  /**
   * The number of blocks it takes to store the big block depot
   */
00050   private int numBigBlockDepotBlocks;
  /**
   * The start block of the small block depot
   */
00054   private int sbdStartBlock;
  /**
   * The start block of the root entry
   */
00058   private int rootStartBlock;
  /**
   * The header extension block
   */
00062   private int extensionBlock;
  /**
   * The number of header extension blocks
   */
00066   private int numExtensionBlocks;
  /**
   * The root entry
   */
00070   private byte[] rootEntry;
  /**
   * The sequence of blocks which comprise the big block chain
   */
00074   private int[] bigBlockChain;
  /**
   * The sequence of blocks which comprise the small block chain
   */
00078   private int[] smallBlockChain;
  /**
   * The chain of blocks which comprise the big block depot
   */
00082   private int[] bigBlockDepotBlocks;
  /**
   * The list of property sets
   */
00086   private ArrayList propertySets;

  /**
   * The workbook settings
   */
00091   private WorkbookSettings settings;

  /** 
   * The property storage root entry
   */
00096   private PropertyStorage rootEntryPropertyStorage;

  /**
   * Initializes the compound file
   *
   * @param d the raw data of the ole stream
   * @param ws the workbook settings
   * @exception BiffException
   */
00105   public CompoundFile(byte[] d, WorkbookSettings ws) throws BiffException
  {
    super();
    data = d;
    settings = ws;

    // First verify the OLE identifier
    for (int i = 0; i < IDENTIFIER.length; i++)
    {
      if (data[i] != IDENTIFIER[i])
      {
        throw new BiffException(BiffException.unrecognizedOLEFile);
      }
    }

    propertySets = new ArrayList();
    numBigBlockDepotBlocks = IntegerHelper.getInt
      (data[NUM_BIG_BLOCK_DEPOT_BLOCKS_POS],
       data[NUM_BIG_BLOCK_DEPOT_BLOCKS_POS + 1],
       data[NUM_BIG_BLOCK_DEPOT_BLOCKS_POS + 2],
       data[NUM_BIG_BLOCK_DEPOT_BLOCKS_POS + 3]);
    sbdStartBlock = IntegerHelper.getInt
      (data[SMALL_BLOCK_DEPOT_BLOCK_POS],
       data[SMALL_BLOCK_DEPOT_BLOCK_POS + 1],
       data[SMALL_BLOCK_DEPOT_BLOCK_POS + 2],
       data[SMALL_BLOCK_DEPOT_BLOCK_POS + 3]);
    rootStartBlock = IntegerHelper.getInt
      (data[ROOT_START_BLOCK_POS],
       data[ROOT_START_BLOCK_POS + 1],
       data[ROOT_START_BLOCK_POS + 2],
       data[ROOT_START_BLOCK_POS + 3]);
    extensionBlock = IntegerHelper.getInt
      (data[EXTENSION_BLOCK_POS],
       data[EXTENSION_BLOCK_POS + 1],
       data[EXTENSION_BLOCK_POS + 2],
       data[EXTENSION_BLOCK_POS + 3]);
    numExtensionBlocks = IntegerHelper.getInt
      (data[NUM_EXTENSION_BLOCK_POS],
       data[NUM_EXTENSION_BLOCK_POS + 1],
       data[NUM_EXTENSION_BLOCK_POS + 2],
       data[NUM_EXTENSION_BLOCK_POS + 3]);

    bigBlockDepotBlocks = new int[numBigBlockDepotBlocks];

    int pos = BIG_BLOCK_DEPOT_BLOCKS_POS;

    int bbdBlocks = numBigBlockDepotBlocks;

    if (numExtensionBlocks != 0)
    {
      bbdBlocks = (BIG_BLOCK_SIZE - BIG_BLOCK_DEPOT_BLOCKS_POS) / 4;
    }

    for (int i = 0; i < bbdBlocks; i++)
    {
      bigBlockDepotBlocks[i] = IntegerHelper.getInt
        (d[pos], d[pos + 1], d[pos + 2], d[pos + 3]);
      pos += 4;
    }

    for (int j = 0; j < numExtensionBlocks; j++)
    {
      pos = (extensionBlock + 1) * BIG_BLOCK_SIZE;
      int blocksToRead = Math.min(numBigBlockDepotBlocks - bbdBlocks,
                                  BIG_BLOCK_SIZE / 4 - 1);

      for (int i = bbdBlocks; i < bbdBlocks + blocksToRead; i++)
      {
        bigBlockDepotBlocks[i] = IntegerHelper.getInt
          (d[pos], d[pos + 1], d[pos + 2], d[pos + 3]);
        pos += 4;
      }

      bbdBlocks += blocksToRead;
      if (bbdBlocks < numBigBlockDepotBlocks)
      {
        extensionBlock = IntegerHelper.getInt
          (d[pos], d[pos + 1], d[pos + 2], d[pos + 3]);
      }
    }

    readBigBlockDepot();
    readSmallBlockDepot();

    rootEntry = readData(rootStartBlock);
    readPropertySets();
  }

  /**
   * Reads the big block depot entries
   */
00196   private void readBigBlockDepot()
  {
    int pos = 0;
    int index = 0;
    bigBlockChain = new int[numBigBlockDepotBlocks * BIG_BLOCK_SIZE / 4];

    for (int i = 0; i < numBigBlockDepotBlocks; i++)
    {
      pos = (bigBlockDepotBlocks[i] + 1) * BIG_BLOCK_SIZE;

      for (int j = 0; j < BIG_BLOCK_SIZE / 4; j++)
      {
        bigBlockChain[index] = IntegerHelper.getInt
          (data[pos], data[pos + 1], data[pos + 2], data[pos + 3]);
        pos += 4;
        index++;
      }
    }
  }

  /**
   * Reads the small block chain's depot entries
   */
00219   private void readSmallBlockDepot() throws BiffException
  {
    int pos = 0;
    int index = 0;
    int sbdBlock = sbdStartBlock;
    smallBlockChain = new int[0];

    // Some non-excel generators specify -1 for an empty small block depot
    // simply warn and return
    if (sbdBlock == -1)
    {
      logger.warn("invalid small block depot number");
      return;
    }

    int blockCount = 0;
    for (; blockCount <= bigBlockChain.length && sbdBlock != -2; blockCount++)
    {
      // Allocate some more space to the small block chain
      int[] oldChain = smallBlockChain;
      smallBlockChain = new int[smallBlockChain.length + BIG_BLOCK_SIZE / 4];
      System.arraycopy(oldChain, 0, smallBlockChain, 0, oldChain.length);

      pos = (sbdBlock + 1) * BIG_BLOCK_SIZE;

      for (int j = 0; j < BIG_BLOCK_SIZE / 4; j++)
      {
        smallBlockChain[index] = IntegerHelper.getInt
          (data[pos], data[pos + 1], data[pos + 2], data[pos + 3]);
        pos += 4;
        index++;
      }

      sbdBlock = bigBlockChain[sbdBlock];
    }

    if (blockCount > bigBlockChain.length) 
    {
      // Attempted to read more blocks than the block chain contains entries 
      // for.  This indicates a loop in the chain
      throw new BiffException(BiffException.corruptFileFormat);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Reads all the property sets
   */
00266   private void readPropertySets()
  {
    int offset = 0;
    byte[] d = null;

    while (offset < rootEntry.length)
    {
      d = new byte[PROPERTY_STORAGE_BLOCK_SIZE];
      System.arraycopy(rootEntry, offset, d, 0, d.length);
      PropertyStorage ps = new PropertyStorage(d);

      // sometimes the MAC Operating system leaves some property storage
      // names blank.  Contributed by Jacky
      if (ps.name == null || ps.name.length() == 0)
      {
        if (ps.type == ROOT_ENTRY_PS_TYPE)
        {
          ps.name = ROOT_ENTRY_NAME;
          logger.warn("Property storage name for " + ps.type + 
                      " is empty - setting to " + ROOT_ENTRY_NAME);
        } 
        else
        {
          if (ps.size != 0)
          {
            logger.warn("Property storage type " + ps.type + 
                        " is non-empty and has no associated name");
          }
        }
      }
      propertySets.add(ps);
      if (ps.name.equalsIgnoreCase(ROOT_ENTRY_NAME))
      {
        rootEntryPropertyStorage = ps;
      }
      offset += PROPERTY_STORAGE_BLOCK_SIZE;
    }

    if (rootEntryPropertyStorage == null)
    {
      rootEntryPropertyStorage = (PropertyStorage) propertySets.get(0);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Gets the defragmented stream from this ole compound file
   *
   * @param streamName the stream name to get
   * @return the defragmented ole stream
   * @exception BiffException
   */
00317   public byte[] getStream(String streamName) throws BiffException
  {
    PropertyStorage ps = findPropertyStorage(streamName, 
                                             rootEntryPropertyStorage);

    // Property set can't be found from the direct hierarchy, so just
    // search on the name
    if (ps == null)
    {
      ps = getPropertyStorage(streamName);
    }

    if (ps.size >= SMALL_BLOCK_THRESHOLD ||
        streamName.equalsIgnoreCase(ROOT_ENTRY_NAME))
    {
      return getBigBlockStream(ps);
    }
    else
    {
      return getSmallBlockStream(ps);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Gets the defragmented stream from this ole compound file.  Used when
   * copying workbooks with macros
   *
   * @param psIndex the property storage index
   * @return the defragmented ole stream
   * @exception BiffException
   */
00348   public byte[] getStream(int psIndex) throws BiffException
  {
    PropertyStorage ps = getPropertyStorage(psIndex);

    if (ps.size >= SMALL_BLOCK_THRESHOLD ||
        ps.name.equalsIgnoreCase(ROOT_ENTRY_NAME))
    {
      return getBigBlockStream(ps);
    }
    else
    {
      return getSmallBlockStream(ps);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Recursively searches the property storages in hierarchy order 
   * for the appropriate name.  This is the public version which is
   * invoked from the writable version
   * when copying a sheet with addition property sets.
   */
00369   public PropertyStorage findPropertyStorage(String name)
  {
    return findPropertyStorage(name, rootEntryPropertyStorage);
  }

  /**
   * Recursively searches the property storages in hierarchy order 
   * for the appropriate name.
   */
00378   private PropertyStorage findPropertyStorage(String name, 
                                             PropertyStorage base)
  {
    if (base.child == -1)
    {
      return null;
    }

    // Get the child
    PropertyStorage child = getPropertyStorage(base.child);
    if (child.name.equalsIgnoreCase(name))
    {
      return child;
    }

    // Find the previous property storages on the same level
    PropertyStorage prev = child;
    while (prev.previous != -1)
    {
      prev = getPropertyStorage(prev.previous);
      if (prev.name.equalsIgnoreCase(name))
      {
        return prev;
      }      
    }

    // Find the next property storages on the same level
    PropertyStorage next = child;
    while (next.next != -1)
    {
      next = getPropertyStorage(next.next);
      if (next.name.equalsIgnoreCase(name))
      {
        return next;
      }      
    }

    return findPropertyStorage(name, child);
  }

  /**
   * Gets the property set with the specified name
   * @param name the property storage name
   * @return the property storage record
   * @exception BiffException
   * @deprecated remove me
   */
00425   private PropertyStorage getPropertyStorage(String name)
    throws BiffException
  {
    // Find the workbook property
    Iterator i = propertySets.iterator();
    boolean found = false;
    boolean multiple = false;
    PropertyStorage ps = null;
    while (i.hasNext())
    {
      PropertyStorage ps2 = (PropertyStorage) i.next();
      if (ps2.name.equalsIgnoreCase(name))
      {
        multiple = found == true ? true : false;
        found = true;
        ps = ps2;
      }
    }

    if (multiple)
    {
      logger.warn("found multiple copies of property set " + name);
    }

    if (!found)
    {
      throw new BiffException(BiffException.streamNotFound);
    }

    return ps;
  }

  /**
   * Gets the property set with the specified name
   * @param index the index of the property storage
   * @return the property storage record
   */
00462   private PropertyStorage getPropertyStorage(int index)
  {
    return (PropertyStorage) propertySets.get(index);
  }

  /**
   * Build up the resultant stream using the big blocks
   *
   * @param ps the property storage
   * @return the big block stream
   */
00473   private byte[] getBigBlockStream(PropertyStorage ps)
  {
    int numBlocks = ps.size / BIG_BLOCK_SIZE;
    if (ps.size % BIG_BLOCK_SIZE != 0)
    {
      numBlocks++;
    }

    byte[] streamData = new byte[numBlocks * BIG_BLOCK_SIZE];

    int block = ps.startBlock;

    int count = 0;
    int pos = 0;
    while (block != -2 && count < numBlocks)
    {
      pos = (block + 1) * BIG_BLOCK_SIZE;
      System.arraycopy(data, pos, streamData,
                       count * BIG_BLOCK_SIZE, BIG_BLOCK_SIZE);
      count++;
      block = bigBlockChain[block];
    }

    if (block != -2 && count == numBlocks)
    {
      logger.warn("Property storage size inconsistent with block chain.");
    }

    return streamData;
  }

  /**
   * Build up the resultant stream using the small blocks
   * @param ps the property storage
   * @return  the data
   * @exception BiffException
   */
00510   private byte[] getSmallBlockStream(PropertyStorage ps)
    throws BiffException
  {
    byte[] rootdata = readData(rootEntryPropertyStorage.startBlock);
    byte[] sbdata = new byte[0];

    int block = ps.startBlock;
    int pos = 0;

    int blockCount = 0;
    for (; blockCount <= smallBlockChain.length && block != -2; blockCount++)
    {
      // grow the array
      byte[] olddata = sbdata;
      sbdata = new byte[olddata.length + SMALL_BLOCK_SIZE];
      System.arraycopy(olddata, 0, sbdata, 0, olddata.length);

      // Copy in the new data
      pos = block * SMALL_BLOCK_SIZE;
      System.arraycopy(rootdata, pos, sbdata,
                       olddata.length, SMALL_BLOCK_SIZE);
      block = smallBlockChain[block];

      if (block == -1)
      {
        logger.warn("Incorrect terminator for small block stream " + ps.name);
        block = -2; // kludge to force the loop termination
      }
    }

    if (blockCount > smallBlockChain.length) 
    {
      // Attempted to read more blocks than the block chain contains entries 
      // for. This indicates a loop in the chain
      throw new BiffException(BiffException.corruptFileFormat);
    }

    return sbdata;
  }

  /**
   * Reads the block chain from the specified block and returns the
   * data as a continuous stream of bytes
   *
   * @param bl the block number
   * @return the data
   */
00557   private byte[] readData(int bl) throws BiffException
  {
    int block = bl;
    int pos = 0;
    byte[] entry = new byte[0];

    int blockCount = 0;
    for (; blockCount <= bigBlockChain.length && block != -2; blockCount++)
    {
      // Grow the array
      byte[] oldEntry = entry;
      entry = new byte[oldEntry.length + BIG_BLOCK_SIZE];
      System.arraycopy(oldEntry, 0, entry, 0, oldEntry.length);
      pos = (block + 1) * BIG_BLOCK_SIZE;
      System.arraycopy(data, pos, entry,
                       oldEntry.length, BIG_BLOCK_SIZE);
      if (bigBlockChain[block] == block)
      {
        throw new BiffException(BiffException.corruptFileFormat);
      }
      block = bigBlockChain[block];
    }

    if (blockCount > bigBlockChain.length) 
    {
      // Attempted to read more blocks than the block chain contains entries 
      // for.  This indicates a loop in the chain
      throw new BiffException(BiffException.corruptFileFormat);
    }

    return entry;
  }

  /**
   * Gets the number of property sets
   * @return the number of property sets
   */
00594   public int getNumberOfPropertySets()
  {
    return propertySets.size();
  }

  /**
   * Gets the property set.  Invoked when copying worksheets with macros.  
   * Simply calls the private counterpart
   *
   * @param ps the property set name
   * @return the property set with the given name
   */
00606   public PropertyStorage getPropertySet(int index)
  {
    return getPropertyStorage(index);
  }
}













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